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THE ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE AND THE PAPACY
POPE ALEXANDER VI
POPE NICHOLAS V
POPE EUGENIUS IV
(1383-23 Feb 1447)
He was Pope from 3 March
1431 till his death in 1447.  
In 1435,
 he condemned
the indiscriminate
enslavement of natives in
the Canary Islands, but
did
not condemn slavery as
such.
Born 15 November 1397, he was Pope
from 6 March 1447 till his death  24 March
1455.
Pope Nicholas V issued the Papal Bull
Dum Diversas
on 18 June, 1452.  It
authorised Alfonso V (King of Portugal)
to reduce any "Saracens (Muslims) and
pagans and any other "unbelievers" to
perpetual slavery."
This facilitated the
Portuguese slave trade from West Africa.
Nicholas also wrote the bull Romanus
Pontifex
on January 5, 1455 to the same
Alfonso. As a follow-up to the
Dum
Diversas
, it extended to the Catholic
nations of Europe
dominion over
discovered lands during the Age of
Discovery.
Along with sanctifying the
seizure of non-Christian lands,
it
encouraged the enslavement
of native, non-Christian  
peoples in Africa and the
New World.  
The precise number of chained souls wrenched from
the African continent and deposited in the Americas,
Europe, the Middle and Far East--will never be known;
the
question will forever generate combustible
speculation.
(January 1, 1431-August 18, 1503) He was Pope from 11 August,
1492 till his death 18 August, 1503.
He authorised the King of
Spain to
enslave non-Christians of the Americas who
were at war with Christian powers.