|THE ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE AND THE PAPACY
POPE ALEXANDER VI
POPE NICHOLAS V
|(1383-23 Feb 1447)
He was Pope from 3 March
1431 till his death in 1447.
In 1435, he condemned
enslavement of natives in
the Canary Islands, but did
not condemn slavery as
(Born 15 November 1397 till 24 March
1455) He was Pope from 6 March 1447
till his death 24 March 1455.
Pope Nicholas V issued the Papal Bull
Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. It
authorised Alfonso V (King of
Portugal) to reduce any "Saracens
(Muslims) and pagans and any other
"unbelievers" to perpetual slavery."
This facilitated the Portuguese slave
trade from West Africa. Nicholas also
wrote the bull Romanus Pontifex on
January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso.
As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it
extended to the Catholic nations of
Europe dominion over discovered lands
during the Age of Discovery. Along with
sanctifying the seizure of non-Christian
lands, it encouraged the enslavement
of native, non-Christian peoples in
Africa and the New World.
|The precise number of chained souls wrenched from the
African continent and deposited in the Americas; Europe,
the Middle and Far East--will never be known; the question
will forever generate combustible speculation.
(January 1, 1431-August 18, 1503) He was Pope from 11 August,
1492 till his death 18 August, 1503. He authorised the King of
Spain to enslave non-Christians of the Americas who were at
war with Christian powers.