|THE ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE AND THE PAPACY
POPE ALEXANDER VI
POPE NICHOLAS V
|(1383-23 Feb 1447)
He was Pope from 3 March 1431 till
his death in 1447. In 1435, he
condemned the indiscriminate
enslavement of natives in the
Canary Islands, but did not
condemn slavery as such.
Born 15 November 1397, he was Pope from 6 March 1447
till his death 24 March 1455.
Pope Nicholas V issued the Papal Bull Dum Diversas
on 18 June, 1452. It authorised Alfonso V (King of
Portugal) to reduce any "Saracens (Muslims) and
pagans and any other "unbelievers" to perpetual
slavery." This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from
West Africa. Nicholas also wrote the bull Romanus
Pontifex on January 5, 1455 to the same Alfonso. As a
follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it extended to the Catholic
nations of Europe dominion over discovered lands
during the Age of Discovery. Along with sanctifying the
seizure of non-Christian lands, it encouraged the
enslavement of native, non-Christian peoples in
Africa and the New World.
|The precise number of chained souls wrenched from the
African continent and deposited in the Americas, Europe, the
Middle and Far East--will never be known; the question
will forever generate combustible speculation.
(January 1, 1431-August 18, 1503) He was Pope from 11 August,
1492 till his death 18 August, 1503. He authorised the King of
Spain to enslave non-Christians of the Americas who
were at war with Christian powers.